Analisis Istinbâṭ Hukum Akad Perkawinan melalui Media Elektronik dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam

  • A. Fauzi Aziz Institut Agama Islam Bani Fattah, Jombang
Keywords: Covenant of Marriage, Electronic Media, The Law of Islam

Abstract

Marriage is seen as a form worship which very sacred, at the present time, it has been the practice of marriages that use the facilities telephone or Cybernet, and also with the technology one step ahead, namely video teleconference. Where one party at a time doing this marriage ceremony, he was somewhere else that causes the marriage contract becomes ittiḥâd al-majlis (merging chamber). With using a qualitative approach with Reserch Library obtained two different interpretations related to the ittiḥâd al-majlis. The Ḥanafîyah interpret it ijâb-qabûl to be done within the time contained in the marriage ceremony, not be done in two separate intervals. So, when guided by the interpretation of this argument, marriage ceremony via electronic media can be understood validity. The Shâfiʻîyah stated that the united chamber required, to maintain continuity between ijâb and qabûl, at once must embody fulfillment of tasks of two witnesses. Because according to this argument, the two witnesses should be capable see with his eyes that ijâb and qabûl it was actually spoken by two actors contract. So when referring to the second opinion, the practice of marriage ceremony via electronic media is not valid.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anshary, M. Hukum Perkawinan Di Indonesia; Masalah-Masalah Krusial. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2010. Cet. I.
Basyir, Ahmad Azhar. Hukum Perkawinan Islam. Yogyakarta: UII Press 2007.
Dâwud, ʼAbû. Sunan Abî Dâwud. Bairût: Dâr al-Kitâb al-’Arabî, t.t. Vol. II. ke-2119. Dalam Al-Maktabah al-Syâmilah.
Departemen Agama Republik Indonesia. Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahnya. Jakarta: PT Syamil Cipta Media, 2004.
Effendi, Satria. Problematika Hukum Keluarga Islam Kontemporer. Jakarta: Kencana, 2004.
http://elfalasy88.wordpress.com/2010/11/30/akad-nikah-via-telepon/, diakses pada 8 Maret 2012
http://m-alwi.com/hukum-transaksi-via-elektronik.html, diakses pada 8 Maret 2012
Jazîrîy (al), ʻAbd al-Rahmân, Al-Fiqh ‘alâ al-Madhâhib al-Arba’ah. Bairût: Dâr al-Iḥyâ’, t.t.
Sâbiq, Sayyid. Fiqh al-Sunnah. Bairût: Dâr al-’Arabîy, 1997.
Silmîy (al), Muḥammad ibn ‘Isâ Abû ‘Isâ al-Turmuzîy. Al-Jâmi’ al-Ṣaḥiḥ al-Turmudhîy. Dalam al-Maktabah al-Syâmilah. Vol. IV.
Soemiyati, Ny. Hukum Perkawinan Islam dan Undang-Undang Perkawinan. Yogyakarta: Liberty, 2007. Cet. VI.
Syarifuddin, Amir. Hukum Perkawinan Islam di Indonesia. Jakarta: Kencana Media Group, 2009. Cet. III.
Tihami dan Sohari Sahrani. Fiqih Munakahat; Kajian Fiqih nikah Lengkap, Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2009.
Tim Redaksi Fokus Media. Kompilasi Hukum Islam. Bandung: Fokus Media, 2007. Cet. 2.
Undang-Undang Perkawinan Nomor 1 Tahun 1974. Semarang: Beringin Jaya, t.t.
Undang-Undang RI Nomor 11 Tahun 2008 Tentang Informasi dan Transaksi Elektronik. Surabaya: Kesindo Utama, 2010. Cet. II.
Published
2017-03-13
How to Cite
Aziz, A. (2017, March 13). Analisis Istinbâṭ Hukum Akad Perkawinan melalui Media Elektronik dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam. Tafáqquh: Jurnal Penelitian Dan Kajian Keislaman, 5(1), 102-117. Retrieved from http://jurnal.iaibafa.ac.id/index.php/tafaqquh/article/view/85
Section
Article