Al-Ḍarûrat dalam Pandangan Yûsûf Qarḍâwî

  • Syaiful Hidayat Institut Agama Islam Bani Fattah, Jombang
Keywords: Emergency, Abortion, Yûsûf Qarḍâwî

Abstract

The priest Shâfi’î firmly reject istiḥsân method as a basis in determining Islamic law. This rejection can be seen from the statement imam Shâfi’î istiḥsân related practices undertaken by the sect Ḥanafî. Priest Shâfi’î said man istaḥsana faqad shara’a. Priest Shâfi’î found istiḥsân is legal determination with reasonable effort and passion alone. This is tantamount to allowing people who can not understand the naṣṣ and qiyâs set with istiḥsân law. As a result, will emerge fatwas based on the legal opinion of the intellect alone, as well as an effort to ignore the naṣṣ. In the context of the rules by relying on logic alone, then this short article will outline some of the statements Yûsûf Qarḍâwî in deciding the legal practice of abortion by using the concept of emergency approach.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

‘Azam, ‘Abd al-’Aziz. Qawâid al-Fiqhiyah. Qahirah: Dâr al-Hadith, 2005.
Aibak, Kutbuddin. Kajian Fiqh Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: Teras, 2009.
Barâk (al), Abd al-Raḥmân bin Nâṣir. Fatḥ al-Bârî Bisharḥi Ṣaḥîḥu al-Bukhârî, t.p.: Dâr Ṭaybah, 2005. Vol. VII.
Ekotama, Suryono dkk. Abortus Provocatus Bagi Korban Perkosaan Perspektif Viktimologi, Kriminologi dan Hukum Pidana. Yogyakarta: Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta, 2001.
Ghazâlî (al), Imâm. Al-Wajîz fî Fiqhi al-Imâmi al-Shâfi’î. Beirut: Dâr al-Arqam, 1997. Vol. II.
______________. Iḥyâ‘ ‘Ulûm ad-Dîn. Mesir: Musṭafâ al-Bâbi al-Ḥalâbi, 1939. Vol. II.
Glasier, Anna dan Ailsa Gebbie. Keluarga Berencana & Kesehatan Reproduksi. Jakarta: EGC, 2005.
Haroen, Nasrun. Ushul Fiqh. Jakarta: Logos,1996.
Istibsjaroh. Aborsi & Hak-hak Reproduksi dalam Islam. Yogyakarta: Lkis, 2012.
Jacobalis, Samsi. Pengantar Tentang Perkrmbangan Ilmu Kedokteran, Etika Medis, dan Bio Etika Serta Hubungan Etika dan Hukum Kedokteran. Jakarta: CV. Sagung Seto, 2005.
Nasution, Khoituddin. Pengantar Studi Islam. Yogyakarta: Academia Tazzafa, 2010.
Qarḍâwî (al), Yûsûf. Fatwa-fatwa Kontemporer. Jakarta: Gema Insani Press, 1996. Vol. 2.
_______________. Fiqh Prioritas; Sebuah Kajian Baru Berdasarkan al-Qur’an dan as-Sunnah. Jakarta: Rabbani Press, 1996.
_______________. Halal dan Haram. Jakarta: Robbani Press, 2004.
Sa’abah, Marzuki Umar. Perilaku Seks Menyimpang dan Seksualitas Kontemporer. Yogjakarta: UII Press, 2001.
Yasin, M. Nu’aim. Fikih Kedokteran. Jakarta: Pustaka al-Kautsar, 2006.
Zuhaili (al), Wahbah. Naẓariyyat al-Ḍarûrah al-Sharî‘ah. Beirut: Muassasah al-Risalah, 1985.
Published
2014-06-01
How to Cite
Hidayat, S. (2014). Al-Ḍarûrat dalam Pandangan Yûsûf Qarḍâwî. Tafáqquh: Jurnal Penelitian Dan Kajian Keislaman, 2(1), 01-25. Retrieved from http://jurnal.iaibafa.ac.id/index.php/tafaqquh/article/view/17
Section
Article