Nalar Hukum Imam Shâfi’î tentang Usia Kedewasaan dalam Hak Ijbâr; Rekontruksi dalam Konteks Ke-Indonesiaan

  • Aufal Hadliq Khaiyyul MW Universitas Hasyim Asy’ari Tebuireng Jomb
Keywords: Reconstruction of Reason of Law, Right Ijbâr, Guardian Married, Indonesian Culture

Abstract

The right ijbâr is the right of father or grandfather to marry off his daughter without having to get permission from the daughter to be married, provided that she is not a widow. When Shâfi’î established the law of the right ijbâr, the social condition of the woman was only domestic at the time. In contrast to now, they have started to spread in the public domain. Focus of this research is the reasoning of Shâfi’î law regarding the rights of marriage guardian ijbâr and its reconstruction in the context of Indonesia. Using the sociology and history approach with the category of normative legal research in the form of library research. A father or grandfather is forbidden to force girls in the realm of marriage. Because it contains the benefit, that is to protect religion, soul, mind, property and honor. As well as women’s habits are different. Age of Shâfi’î, even to the beginning of Indonesian independence only live to become domestic. Now, it is allowed to follow education, have a position even work. This opinion is in accordance with the rules of  lâ yunkar taghayyur al-ah}kâm bi taghayyur al-azmân, and reinforced by the method maṣlaḥah and ‘urf.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

‘Asqalânî (al), Shihâb al-Dîn Ibn Ḥajar. Al-Isabah fi Tamyîz al-Sahabah. Riyâdh: Maktabah al-Riyâdh al-Haditha, 1978.
_________. Fath al-Bari Syarh Shahih Muslim. Beirut: Dâr Mar’ifah, 1379 H..
_________. Tahzîb al-Tahzib. Bairut: al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah, 1984.
A. Djazuli. Kaidah-Kaidah Fikih. Jakarta: Kencana, 2014.
Bardizabah, Abû ‘Abd Allah Muḥammad bin Isma’il bin Ibrahim bin al-Mughirah bin. Shahih Bukhari. Beirut: Dâr al-Kitab al-Ilmiyah, t.th..
Barry, Pius A Partanto dan M Dahlan Al. Kamus Ilmiah Populer. Surabaya: ARKOLA: 2001.
Bustiy (al), Muḥammad bin Ḥibbân bin Aḥmad Abû Ḥatîm al-Tamîmiy. Al-Thiqât. Bairut: Dâr al-Fikr, 1975.
Damanhuri. Ijtihad Hermeneutis. Yogyakarta: IRCiSoD, 2016.
Ghazâliy (al), Abû Ḥamid. Al-Mushtaṣfâ fî ‘Ilm al-Uṣûl. Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-Islâmiyyah, 1993.
Ḥanbal, Aḥmad bin. Musnad al-Imâm Aḥmad bin Ḥanbal. t.tp: Muassasah al-Risâlah, 1999.
Haq, Husnul. “Reformulasi Hak Ijbar Dalam Tantangan Isu Gender Kontemporer”, dalam Jurnal PALASTREN, No. 1, Juni 2015.
Hidayat, Taufiq. “Rekonstruksi Konsep Ijbar”, dalam De Jure Jurnal Syariah Dan Hukum, No. 1 Agustus 2009, STAI An-Nawawi Purworejo.
Jauziyah (al), Ibn Qayyim. I’lâm al-Muwaqqi’în an Rab al-‘Âlamîn. Bairut: Dâr al-Fikr, t.th..
Jazîriy (al), ‘Abd al-Raḥman. Al-Fiqh ‘alâ Madzâhib al-Arba’ah. Beirut: Dâr al-Fikr, 1999.
Kathir, Ibn. Al-Bidâyah wa al-Nihâyah. Al-Jizah: Dâr al-Fikr al-‘Arabi, 1933.
Kûfiy (al), Aḥmad bin ‘Abd Allah bin Ṣâliḥ Abû al-Ḥasan al-‘Ajaliy. Ma’rifah al-Thiqât. Madînah: Maktabah al-Dâr.
Ma’luf, Lous. Al-Munjîd Fî al-Lugot wa al-A’lam. Beirut: Dar al-Masyrik, 1968.
Muziy (al), Yûsuf bin al-Zakiy ‘Abd Allah Abû al-Ḥujjaj. Tahdzîb al- Kamâl. Bairut: Muassisah al-Risâlah, 1980.
Nawâwiy (al), Abû Zakariyâ Yaḥyâ bin Sharaf. Sharḥ Ṣaḥîḥ Muslim. Beirut: Dâr Ihyâ’ Turâth al-Arâbiy, 1392 H..
_________. Tahdzîb al-Asmâ’. t.tp: t.p, t.th.
Nîsabûrî (al), Muslim Ibn Ḥajjaj al-Qusyairî. Ṣaḥîḥ Muslim. Mesir: al-Maṭba’ah al-Miṣriyah, 1349 H.
Ritonga, Iskandar. Hak-Hak Wanita dalam Putusan Peradilan Agama. Jakarta: Program Peningkatan Kualitas Pelayanan Publik Ditjen Bimas Islam dan Penyelenggaraan Haji, 2005.
Salam (al), ‘Izz al-Dîn ibn ‘Abd. Qawa’id al-Aḥkâm fi Maṣâil al-Anâm. Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, t.th..
Shâfi’i (al), Abû ‘Abd Allah Muḥammad bin Idris. Al-Umm. Beirut: Dâr al-Fikr, t.th..
Sharḥashiy (al), Shams al-Dîn. Al-Mabsûṭ. t.tp: Dâr al-Fikr, t.th..
Shiddiqi, Nourouzzaman. Fiqh Indonesia: Penggagas dan Gagasannya. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 1997.
Subhan, Zaitunah. Peningkatan Kesetaraan & Keadilan Jender Dalam Membangun Good Govermance. Jakarta: el-Kahfi, 2002.
Sufyâniy (al), ‘Âbid bin Muḥammad. Al-Thiyâb wa al-Shumûl fî al-Sharî’ah al-Islâmiyyah. Makkah: Maktabah al-Manarah, 1988.
Sunnah, Aḥmad Fahmi Abû. Al-‘Urf wa al-‘Âdah fi Ra’y al-Fuqaha’. Mesir: Dâr al-Fikr al-‘Araiy, t.th..
Ṭaḥḥân (al), Maḥmûd. Taysîr Muṣṭalaḥ al-Ḥadîth. Surabaya: al-Ḥaramayn, t.th..
Tabari (al). Tarikh al Umam wa al-Mamlûk. Beirut: Dâr al-Fikr, 1979.
Wahid, Marzuki. Fiqh Indonesia. Cirebon: ISIF, 2014.
Wahyuni Shifatur R. Mengkritisi Hadis-Hadis Tentang Usia Pernikahan Aisyah, dalam Musawa Jurnal Studi Gender dan Islam, No. 2, Juli 2009. Yogyakarta: UIN Sunan Kali Jaga, 2009.
Zaenuddin. “Hukum Islam dan Perubahan Social (Menyelaraskan Realitas dengan Maqashid al-Syariah)”, dalam Media Bina Ilmiah, No. 6, Desember 2012.
Zahabi (al), Ḥusein. Mizân al-I’tidal. Pakistan: al-Maktabah al-Atriyyah, t.th.
Zahabi (al). Siyar al-A’lâm al-Nubala’. Beirut: Mu’assasah al-Risâlah, 1992.
Zarqa’ (al), Muḥammad Aḥmad. Al-Madkhâl ‘alâ al-Fiqh al-‘Âm. Beirut: Dâr al-Fikr, 1968.
Zuhayliy (al), Muḥammad Muṣṭafâ. Al-Qawâ’id al-Fiqhiyyah wa Taṭbîqâtihâ fî al-Mazâhib al-Arba’ah. Damaskus: Dâr al-Fikr, 2006.
_________. Al-Wajîz fî Uṣûl al-Fiqh al-Islâmiy. Damaskus: Dâr al-Khair, 2006.
Zuhayliy (al), Wahbah. Al-Fiqh al-Islâm wa Adillatuh. Beirut: Dâr al-Fikr, 1997.
Published
2017-11-13
How to Cite
Khaiyyul MW, A. (2017, November 13). Nalar Hukum Imam Shâfi’î tentang Usia Kedewasaan dalam Hak Ijbâr; Rekontruksi dalam Konteks Ke-Indonesiaan. Tafáqquh: Jurnal Penelitian Dan Kajian Keislaman, 5(2), 19-48. Retrieved from http://jurnal.iaibafa.ac.id/index.php/tafaqquh/article/view/109
Section
Article